Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is the most ethnographically diverse country in the world and the largest and most populated Pacific nation.  PNG is rich in natural resources with mining, logging and palm oil displacing local indigenous communities and generating billions in revenue for foreign multinationals and the government.  Despite such wealth 40% of the population live below the poverty line, on less than US$1.90. 89% of the population live in rural areas with poor infrastructure, limited access to healthcare services, education and economic opportunities.  Customary law discriminates against women.  In the Highlands of Papua New Guinea 99% of women have experienced violence.  It is estimated that PNG has one of the highest rates of gender based violence in the world with victims injuries consistent with those from a conflict zone.

2 in 3 survivors

of violence by intimate partners had injuries from weapons, sticks, knives, machetes and blunt instruments.

 

76%

of survivors of violence know their perpetrator

 

 

41%

of men have committed non-partner rape

 

 

49%

of patients seeking care for rape stated the abuse occurred at home

 

 

80%

of men have physically or sexually assaulted their partner in their lifetime

 

 

Port Moresby, Cental Province, Papua New Guinea

2010-2013: Ethnogrphic Research on Gender and Workplace Issues

Ethnovision facilitated qualitative and quantitative research, and analysed research data to contribute to the publication of a book relating to gender equality issues in the workplace in Papua New Guinea. 

June 2009: Gender Based Violence Advisory Services

Ethnovision designed and facilitated gender-mainstreaming training to one hundred Advisory Support Facility (ASF) expatriate advisers working across a range of bilateral funded programs in Papua New Guinea. 

2008 – Oct 2009: Gender and Social Inclusion Advisory Services 

Education Capacity Building Program

Responsible for supporting the National Department of Education (DoE) to develop, coordinate, manage and monitor a National Gender Equity Strategic Plan (2009-2014). Facilitated gender focused research activities including a comprehensive gender in education assessment and comprehensive baseline surveys. Developed and implemented the Department of Education Gender Equity in Education Policy and the Department’s first Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), Anti-Discrimination and Harassment Policy. Supported the writing of gender equity teacher training courses and reviewed and developed National gender curriculum materials for schools. Designed and facilitated gender equity training for National and Provincial Department of Education public servants and other stakeholders and provided ongoing mentoring and capacity building of line agencies and other program partners such as the National Women’s machinery. Initiated Papua New Guinea’s first Women in Education Network. Supported the World Bank to facilitate their first Country Gender Assessment since 1990. 

February – April 2008: Gender and HIV & AIDS  Advisory Services

Papua New Guinea – Australia Transport Sector Support Program (TSSP)

Contracted to develop a comprehensive gender assessment and National Gender Strategy and 3-year implementation and monitoring and evaluation framework and a comprehensive National HIV & AIDS Strategy, and 3-year implementation and monitoring and evaluation framework for the transport sector in Papua New Guinea. 

Porgera valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea

Violence against women remains a severe problem in Papua New Guinea. Approximately two thirds of all women in the country have reported being victims of domestic violence. In a 2011 study commissioned by Barrick, 86 percent of women surveyed in the Porgera region said they had been victims of physical violence and 79 percent reported suffering some form of sexual violence.  

2012: Remedies for Victims of Violations of International Humanitarian Law

A Framework of Remediation Initiatives in Response to Violence Against Women

The Porgera Joint Venture is an open pit and underground gold mine located at an altitude of 2,700 meters in the Enga Province of Papua New Guinea. It has not been immune to the challenges of violence against women in the valley. When credible allegations of sexual assault by mine employees came to light in 2010, Barrick conducted extensive inquiries and commissioned an independent investigation. A number of employees who were implicated in or had knowledge of sexual assaults were terminated and the company handed over all relevant information to the police, urging a full criminal investigation. These incidents were horrific and in 2012 Barrick Gold Corporation and the Porgera Joint Venture (PJV) launched the Olgeta Meri Igat Raits (All Women Have Rights) project, a grievance mechanism providing remediation initiatives in response to violence against women in the Porgera Valley. The framework was developed as part of Barrick’s response to specific incidents of sexual violence perpetrated by men who were employed at the Porgera mine against women residing in the Porgera Valley.  The framework sets out a unique and independent process for remediation. It featured both an individual remedy component and a community development program to address issues of VAW and improve community-level services and infrastructure.  Access to remedy is recognized as a critical element of addressing human rights violations, and provides a basis for helping those whose rights have been violated. In developing the remediation framework, Barrick adopted an approach that is consistent with the U.N. Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, which provides guidelines for companies in addressing human rights issues. The framework was one of the first designed to align with the Guiding Principles.  Ethnovision provided independent expert advice concerning violence against women (VAW) and human rights to develop the remedy framework while working to develop solutions for the workforce, community and Government of Papua New Guinea and other key stakeholders to address violence against women in the Porgera valley.  Ethnovision conducted in-depth research to assess the capacity of the Porgera Women's Development Agency and made key recommendations for implementing the the Olgeta Meri Igat Raits Program.  For more information about the remedy framework, please visit Barrick's website.

2012-2016: Gender and Social Development Technical Advisory Services

Porgera Environmental Advisory Komiti (PEAK)

PEAK is an independent association that seeks to ensure that long term, sustainable development arises from the activities of the Porgera gold mine and that these activities are consistent with International best practice in social, economic and environmental terms. PEAK is a multi-stakeholder committee working to increase public accountability of the Porgera Joint Venture (Barrick Gold).  Ethnovision provided gender and social development technical support to the committee for a five year period.  The committee disbanded in June 2016.

 

Wide Bay, East Pomio Province, Papua New Guinea

2010 - current: Informed Decision Making Regarding Matrilineal Land

Community Education for those Displaced by the Extractive Industries

In East Pomio, East New Britain Province, a matrilineal society, our partner organisation works to strengthen recognition of women as the traditional custodians of land, and as equal leaders in their communities. Our work supports local communities to increase their control over decisions about their land and resources whilst expanding their focus on women's safety and security. Our work implements high quality programs, using a theory of change that is grounded in East Pomio matrilineal community values.  Since our works implementation women's priorities have been incorporated into seven Ward Development Plans and nine communities have decided to refuse palm oil plantations on their lands.